Solaris 11 – Getting Started HowTo

Solaris 11 – Getting Started HowTo


  • Downloaded Solaris 11 from Oracle – Text Install Option. I needed to use my Oracle email address and password combination
  • Burned the iso to a CD and inserted the CD into the Sun T2000
  • Halted the T2000 to the ok prompt and typed: boot cdrom
  • I chose option 1 to install Solaris 11 and followed the install answering the questions for network settings, partitioning and user passwords
  • After installation and reboot I could log in with my non-privileged user account and subsequently was able to su to root


  • svcs – lists all currently installed services
  • svcadm enable mysql – Enable a newly installed service
  • svcadm restart mysql – Restart the service

Package Management

The Solaris package management IPS is not nearly as developed or comprehensive as the equivalent Gnu/Linux ones (Apt/Yum) but it does make some things a bit easier. For packages unavailable from the Oracle Repos check out the OpenCSW section below:
  • pkg refresh – Get the current list of packages from the repos
  • pkg list – List all currently installed packages
  • pkg search dhcp – Search for packages
  • pkg install service/network/ftp – Install a package from the repo

Installing (S) AMP

After initial installation I could see that the apache22 package was already installed but I needed to enable the service to get it running (svcadm enable apache22). To install the Apache with MySQL and PHP (AMP) :
  • pkg install amp
    Installing LAMP on Solaris 11
  • svcadm restart apache22 OR svcadm restart http
  • svcadm enable mysql
  • Create a PHP file under /var/apache2/2.2/htdocs and load it in a web browser

Installing FTP

  • pkg install service/network/ftp [may already be installed]
  • svcadm enable ftp
  • svcs ftp
  • Test an ftp connection with an existing user or create a new user with useradd

Configure NTP (Client)

  • cd /etc/inet
  • cp ntp.client ntp.conf
  • chmod 644 ntp.conf
  • vi ntp.conf
  • Add some server or pool lines
  • svcadm enable ntp
  • svcadm restart ntp
  • svcs ntp
  • ntpq -p

Changing the IP Address

  • ipadm show-addr
  • ipadm delete-addr net0/v4 && ipadm create-addr -T static -a net0/v4
  • After deleting the IP address you may need to start a new session to the new IP address if using SSH
  • ipadm

Package Management with OpenCSW

First install OpenCSW (Open Cashew) and install wget:
  • pkgadd -d
  • /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -U
  • /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -l  [shows lists of packages installed/managed by CSW)
  • /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -i CSWwget
  • /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -l
  • /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -a  [shows list of packages available from OpenCSW]
Now edit root’s $PATH environment variable to include the binaries installed by OpenCSW :
  • vi /root/.profile
  • export PATH=/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/opt/csw/bin:/opt/csw/sbin

Installing FreeRadius

  •  /opt/csw/bin/pkgutil -i CSWfreeradius
  • groupadd radiusd
  • useradd radiusd
  • Edit the files under /opt/csw/etc/raddb especially the bind address in radiusd.conf
  • While playing with the configuration files you may need to examine the output in /opt/csw/var/log/radius/radiusd.log and you may also try running the daemon directly with /opt/csw/sbin/radiusd
  • When things are running smoothly:
  • svcadm disable radius && svcadm enable radius && svcadm restart radius && svcs radius